University of Georgia, first State University in the United States. “Campus in the Fifties, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia. First State University in United States. In 1784 shortly after the Treaty of Versailles, granting independence to each colony, then a state, the legislature of Georgia gave 40,000 acres for the endowment of a University. In 1785 the charter was granted.” Chartered by the Georgia General Assembly in 1785, UGA was the first university in America to be created by a state government, and the principles of its charter helped lay the foundation for the American system of public higher education.